Volume 7

The Effects of Coaching Style and Gender on Female College Athletes' Performance-Related Perceptions

Sossi Essajanian

To examine the effects of coach gender and style on female athletes’ performance-related perceptions, volunteers (n = 77) were randomly assigned to one of four scenario conditions. The scenarios depicted a coach as varying in gender and coaching style (autocratic, democratic). Participants completed measures of self-confidence, compatibility, competitiveness, performance expectancy and trust imagining the depicted coach as their own. Results showed that a democratic coaching style resulted in greater perceived coach-athlete compatibility than an autocratic style. Female athletes were found to feel more compatible with a male coach than a female coach. Findings also indicated that when pushed by their female coaches, competitiveness was associated with perceived distrust, poor performance, low athletic confidence and coach-athlete incompatibility. Women athletes’ needs are discussed.

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